Adding a GPS feature to the environmental air quality project

Adding GPS to the environmental gas sensor device

Adding a GPS feature to the environmental air quality project

This week we worked on adding GPS to our Open Source Environmental Air Quality unit.

Tools we used in this project

In addition to the tools used in Newsletter #1, also added the following two items:

Step 1: GPS breakout board

For GPS tracking, we opted to use the Adafruit Mini GPS PA1010D - STEMMA QT. This is a very small board (1 inch x 1 inch) with a GPS sensor and STEMMA QT connectors, which means there is no soldering required. You can easily connect it to the PyGamer and BME688 board with a second JST PH cable. In the picture below we have the GPS in-between the PyGamer and the BME688 board, but you can also switch the order so its after the BME688 board, the order doesn't really matter. We have been slowly moving most of our projects to using the STEMMA/QT QWIIC system as they are really convenient.

Step 2: Update PyGamer firmware

Next we made changes to our PyGamer firmware to include the data from the GPS board.  The firmware communicates with the GPS sensor via the Adafruit_GPS library.  This library can be installed using the Library Manager in the Arduino IDE as described in the previous post. We modified the firmware so that the display cycles through 3 screens:

  • Screen 1: IAQ (Index of Air Quality) and SIAQ (static IAQ), Temp, Press and Humidity
  • Screen 2: Date, Time, GPS Latitude & Longitude
  • Screen 3: System Info. Battery and MicroSD file status (is it writing to file)
15 sec video showing data looping through 3 different screens

From the data shown on Screen 2, the GPS is returning a value of

  • LAT = 34 09.4207 N; LON = 118 05.4043 W

We can input these values into Google Maps to confirm the location of the device and it does indeed show the correct location at IO Rodeo.  

Now we can co-locate our environmental data (IAQ value, Temp, humidity and pressure) with location, date and time of day.

Next Steps

Start collecting data! In addition to the VOC sensor, we are also planning to add a methane sensor such as a MQ-4 sensor. We have started researching different methane sensors and will share that next.


Adafruit Mini GPS PA1010D - UART and I2C - STEMMA QT
This miniature GPS breakout is only 1" x 1" (~ 25mm x 25mm) but houses a complete GPS/GNSS solution with both I2C and UART interfaces. There's even an antenna on top, so ...
What is Stemma QT? #adafruit #stemma is this Stemma QT thing? It’s the easy way to connect sensors & more – without any breadboards or soldering. Check out all of the Ste...
Newsletter #1: 7/13/22
Welcome to our first Weekly Newsletter! We hope this format will make it easier to keep people updated on projects we are working on! If you haven’t already subscribed, you can do that here: Subscribe to the newsletter This week we started working with the Adafruit BME688 environmental sensor boar…
Methane CNG Gas Sensor - MQ-4
This is a simple-to-use compressed natural gas (CNG) sensor, suitable for sensing natural gas (composed of mostly Methane [CH4]) concentrations in the air.