Nitrite is measured with the standard Greiss test. In this test, sulfanilamide reagent is converted to a diazonium salt by nitrite (NO2) in the water sample. The diazonium salt is then reacted with NED (N-1-napthylethylene diamine dihydrochloride) reagent to form an azo dye which has a purple/magenta color that is measured at 520-550 nm (suitable for the colorimeter 528 nm green LED).
- Reported values in literature around 540nm
- Measured absorbance peak at 530nm
- Open Colorimeter measurement LED: 520nm
- Open Colorimeter with 520nm LED board
- API nitrite test kit
- 1,000 ppm N (3,280 ppm as NO2) standard, Labchem Cat # LC17930-7
- Distilled water
- 6 x 5 mL capped tubes
- 2 x 100 mL volumetric flask
- 1 mL adjustable pipette
Prepare nitrite calibration solutions: 0-2ppm
- Prepare 100 ppm NO2: 3.05 mL of 3,280 ppm standard in 100 mL volumetric flask. Fill to line with distilled water.
- Prepare 2.0 ppm NO2: 2.0 mL of the 100 ppm working stock in 100 mL distilled water in volumetric flask. Fill to the line with distilled water.
- Dilute the 2 ppm working stock as outlined below
|Nitrite Conc. (ppm)||2ppm Nitrite (mL)||Dist. water (mL)|
- To each 5 mL sample, add 5 drops of API Nitrite Test Solution
- Cap the tube and invert several times to mix.
- Wait 5-10 mins for the color to fully develop.
- Make sure the Open Colorimeter has the 520nm LED installed
- Turn on the Open Colorimeter and select absorbance. Blank the colorimeter with the 0 ppm nitrite solution and measure absorbance of all of the solutions.